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Amoxicillin For Sale, In this article I will look at learning the ATC culture during initial training and the corresponding role of the instructor. But before I begin, a short preface:


Of knowledge and culture.


We could say that to be successful in a particular field one would need a combination of ingredients, rather like a good balanced recipe. These ingredients are:



  •  knowledge of what needs to be done, Amoxicillin dosage,


  • knowledge and application of how to behave in the environment and




  • good doses of luck, Buy Amoxicillin online cod, audacity and timing.




 (this article appeared in the latest issue of the Hindisght magazine)


It would be very interesting to have a look at how luck, audacity and timing play their role in successful ATC, but that would need a separate article with a focus on ¨The other factors¨ (maybe in a future edition of Hindsight?). In this one I will focus on the first two points on the list which, no prescription Amoxicillin online, for the sake of brevity, we could call:



  • Knowledge the one I referred to as ‘knowledge of what needs to be done’ and




  • Culture (short for: ¨understanding and thriving in the culture¨) the I referred to as ‘knowledge and application of how to behave….’




Whereas knowledge could be considered as a ´hard´ component - you know it and apply it or you don´t, culture is softer, Amoxicillin results, and the subtleties of behaviour are harder to teach and/or learn.


 Of learning:


In any learning activity there is both formal and informal learning. Amoxicillin natural, We could say that formal learning is what is contained in a training syllabus and therefore what will be formally taught in a training establishment. Informal learning, on the other hand, is what a person learns that will help them in the tasks they are to carry out, but which is not itself part of the syllabus.


To illustrate the four items above, if we consider a student learning how to drive, then:



  • Knowledge is what the student knows in terms of traffic signs, right of way and of handling of the car.




  • Culture is how to stay calm (or lose it), how to behave in traffic jams or in busy parking lots, when to use or not the horn, etc.




  • Formal learning would be what the student learns on the books and during the practice hours with their instructor.




  • Informal learning would be what they learn (or shouldn´t learn) by observing their father drive through the years.




ATC training


If we apply all the above to initial ATC training, we see that in terms of formal training, we have many hard objectives focusing on the knowledge component – e.g, Amoxicillin For Sale. all the basic subjects like Navigation, Meteorology, ATM, .., Amoxicillin australia, uk, us, usa. (with the exclusion of Human Factors) and all the procedures in the Rating part including most of the practice in the simulator. At the end of this, the student who passes will ¨know what needs to be done¨, Amoxicillin online cod, will obtain a student licence and will be eligible to start unit training.


Formal learning in terms of culture is mainly covered in the Human Factors modules and in others dealing with the professional environment. These modules teach how to ¨behave in the environment¨ and include some application through role play and familiarisation visits.


Amoxicillin For Sale, This is already a very good start, however since the ATC culture is very rich, in my opinion one can do more – and in many schools actually more is done. In the definition of ATC culture, I would include amongst other aspects how to behave in an operations room, where can i buy cheapest Amoxicillin online, how to work in a team, safety culture*, and the concept of service in terms of efficiency and order.


In terms of a training organisation, it is never too early to introduce as much ATC culture to students as possible. It is true that initial training is detached from the operations room and that there are still training phases later on, such as the on the job training, low dose Amoxicillin, when the student will have the opportunity to learn culture. However from experience, on the one hand students are eager for information on how it will feel to work as a controller and are sponges for behaviours and attitudes (good and bad ones) in the ATC world and on the other hand having the students already assimilating part of the culture as early as possible is of great benefit for their understanding of what the ATC world is about.


Culture can be transmitted during training in a number of ways, a couple of which are:



  • imitating the real environment whenever it benefits training and




  • raising awareness amongst the instructional team, especially the simulator instructors, Amoxicillin images, about their function as role models for the profession.




In the rest of this article I will develop on these two aspects which in the end are intrinsically linked with one another.


Imitating the environment


When imitating the life environment during training, it is important to keep the balance between two things:


On the one hand that students are still learning and therefore that it is normal to do, and learn from, after Amoxicillin, mistakes, and


On the other hand that even though they are working in a simulated environment, Amoxicillin dose, there is a certain degree of seriousness and responsibility and that everyone needs to do their best to ensure safe services.


 * how a controller behaves professionally to ensure that while he or she is working, safety is facilitated at all times and that the system within which he or she works maintains an adequate level of safety or improves it), Amoxicillin from canada,


On other aspects, the same should apply: If it is forbidden to use mobile or smart phones in an operational room, Order Amoxicillin online overnight delivery no prescription, the same should be applied in a simulator. If it is a good practice to be at least five minutes early for a hand over in the operational world, then it is also positive to teach the student punctuality, the time a good handover needs, and the need to be there a little early so that their colleagues can have a full and well deserved break, Amoxicillin For Sale. Students should be taught not only the hard and fast procedures (knowledge) but also how to address and talk to colleagues, adjacent centres, pilots and others. They should not only be taught how to execute a procedure, purchase Amoxicillin for sale, but also that they are part of a safety chain and that there are defensive ways of controlling that will strengthen that chain. They should learn that procedures are there for a reason and that the justifications for bending or omitting them are very rare if not nonexistent....Teaching the culture, improves safety awareness and safety.


And who needs to transmit all these softer elements of behaviour and attitude. Well, the instructor.


The instructor as a role model


As mentioned in the example above, Amoxicillin brand name, a lot of what a new driver has learned is what he or she has observed their parents, senior siblings, or significant others doing. Amoxicillin For Sale, It is like that in all aspects of life; our children do what we as parents, what society at large, what elder siblings, what TV and what cinema do. Amoxicillin treatment, Our culture is taught informally through observation, trial and error. There are some who learn quickly, some who learn even more to the extent of manipulating others or of challenging the status quo, and others still who never learn and end up in trouble.


Now ATC being quite a closed environment, all that parenting, sibling, Amoxicillin forum, cinema and TV, especially in the early (but many times super intensive) days of initial training is condensed in the few instructors who have lived in and are part of the ATC culture that the students can interact with, observe and scrutinise.


So it is very important that we instructors are aware of our role and that while walking on the catwalk we need to act as positively and as naturally as possible.


What follows are a number of areas where we instructors, cheap Amoxicillin, apart from teaching hard and fast procedures, need to be aware of our role in passing on ATC culture in the knowledge that we are ourselves being observed for such behaviour.


Setting limits


It is very important that we instructors set limits to what is and is not allowed in a simulator, both in terms of controlling traffic and in attitude and behaviour off the mike. We also need to be aware that we are under observation as we interact with our colleagues, on how we treat diverging opinions with respect, on how we correct mistakes, where to buy Amoxicillin, on how we follow rules.....


In terms of safety, for example, About Amoxicillin, it is of benefit, as I commented above, to allow the student to try out new things and to push his or her limit, however this should never go to the extent as to the impression that everything could be tried out and that everything is allowed, after all ATC training is not a videogame, kjøpe Amoxicillin på nett, köpa Amoxicillin online, even if it may look like one to someone who knows nothing about its culture and goals. I am a firm believer that safety, and its paramount priority, Amoxicillin pharmacy, that in our job we cannotbring aircraft too close together, shall be transmitted at all times to students.


On the same theme but outside of the immediate operational environment, we as instructors are being observed for our attitude in the simulation room: arriving late, excessive talking or laughing during an exercise should be stopped both for students and for us, Amoxicillin over the counter. ATC culture does not allow that.


Teamwork


Teamwork is another area where the instructor is being observed, Amoxicillin For Sale. In training theory we insist a lot on the necessity of good teamwork, both between controllers in a unit and between all those involved in the chain. Not all students come to training with an innate disposition to working in a team and that a team will help them and will improve safety. Buy Amoxicillin online no prescription, Some have individualistic traits that need to be curbed. In addition to teaching procedures, we should observe and correct students’ attitude towards one another and with other people in the environment such as pilots or assistants. Amoxicillin For Sale, Also, charity begins at home and we are part of that chain and we also work within a team. We should not forget that how we relate professionally with others, such as pseudo pilots or administrative members of the team is being observed by our future controllers, Amoxicillin pictures, who are registering: ¨This is how a real controller behaves¨.


The ¨In the real world we do it differently¨ syndrome


Students look for guidance in instructors on how to apply the procedures there are being taught. Order Amoxicillin from United States pharmacy,


Some instructors feel the need to go further than simply teach procedures and it is of great benefit for a student to work with an instructor who explains the background as to why a procedure exists and to explain the links and rationale between procedures and how we used these with real traffic. I remember to this day an instructor on my initial ATC course who would take time to explain to my colleagues and I how he had used a certain procedure on a given day and why it came in very convenient for him to know it. He was patient and a good story teller. He used to make us feel like we were already working with him in the ops room.


On the other hand, there are only very few things which are worse than an instructor telling a student that ´in the real world´ things are done differently and that a procedure is only being used for ´school purposes´, Amoxicillin For Sale. The contextual difference between the application of a procedure in an academy and in operations is considerable, Amoxicillin used for, but instructors need to understand that a student who has only a few months’ experience in an academy and has not yet worked in operations cannot fully understand this context. Running before learning to walk is as illogical as trying to teach complex operational contexts to students who do not have the experience yet to appreciate them.


Boredom is an Instructor´s worst enemy


Students are still learning things instructors (should) already know. Students are still pushing their traffic threshold; ours should have already been pushed up. Amoxicillin For Sale, Students are seeing an exercise for the first time: for us it is maybe the tenth or twentieth time we are seeing the same exercise. The student is performing; we are observing.


All the elements above mean that our mental activity rate is many times slower than that of the student, Amoxicillin interactions. This is part of training and part of our job. We should never try to make things interesting for our benefit. We should not, Amoxicillin without a prescription, for example, ask the students to try new things that they have not covered. We should not, as mentioned in the part just above, oblige the student to do something in a different way to that which they have been taught already if the main reason for doing this is not for their benefit but for us to moderate our boredom, Amoxicillin For Sale. We need to remember that students have a very limited set of tools in their bag and they are still learning how these tools fit together. Adding more new tools to it will not make them better or quicker, it will just overwhelm them, online buying Amoxicillin. It will give them the impression that you are teaching them a completely different thing to that taught on the course and we risk creating an impression of conflict between our team of instructors. It reflects badly on us as a team and on our message of teamwork.


We should neither fall into the trap of showing disinterest nor fall asleep during an exercise (like one of my instructors used to do sixteen years ago when I was a student - I still remember it!). Amoxicillin For Sale, Before we arrive at that point, it is time to move on in our career and do something else!


In conclusion, in this article I have tried to highlight the fact that ATC culture is something that ATC training professionals should be aware of as something to actively teach because it helps students to make sense of the working world and of its modus operandi. Teaching culture is not achieved mostly through formal training, since knowledge about a culture only goes some way, so the main way is by being immersed in it. Culture is soft and informal. We instructors are the ones who are best placed, in the first days of a controller’s career, to begin developing awareness of this culture. This needs to be done by being clear on the behaviour expected from the students and by being prepared to correct and comment upon this and by being aware that instructors are role models and that our behaviour in the simulation is being scrutinised by our future colleagues, who would like to look a bit like us!


Before I close I would like to make a point on one final cultural trait - Professionalism. ATC is a profession which we should be proud of it, Amoxicillin For Sale. As instructors we are the initiators (I intentionally did not write bouncers!) to the profession for all the students who eventually will become our colleagues. We need to carry the banner of our profession high. We should never talk down our profession, and when we need to criticise things (since the right sort of as criticism is healthy) we should do it constructively and in a way which can be understood by students with only a few months of experience. The analogy might be like talking about feelings to a six year old. We also need to implicitly pass on the message to our students that they made the right choice, that they are in a great professional environment and that it is good to be in ATC. The best way we can communicate this is with the message which is written all over our body.

.

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Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, This is the second part of my review of the EU regulation on ATCO licensing. In this part I will focus on areas of improvement that still need to be made to this regulation.
To read the first part of this post, my Zithromax experience, click here.

In terms of areas for improvement, Buy generic Zithromax, there are a few about which I would like to comment:

As a premise, I would like to start with reproducing the first part of article 2 of the regulation which says that the regulation lays down detailed rules for the issuing, suspension and revocation of air traffic control and student air traffic control licences and of associated ratings, buy Zithromax from mexico, endorsements, Zithromax for sale, medical certificates and of certification of training organisations and the conditions of their validity, renewal, re-validation and use, Zithromax from canadian pharmacy.

1 On the use of instructors in transitional training as part of unit training:

If we take 2 definitions from article 3 of the regulation:

Definition 12b states that unit training " including transitional training prior to on- the-job training and on-the-job training, Herbal Zithromax, leading to the grant of an air traffic controller licence"

then, definition 9:

‘instructor endorsement’ means the authorisation entered on and forming part of a licence, indicating the competence of the holder to give on-the-job training instruction;

We can easily interpret that one does not necessarily be an OJT instructor to instruct in during transitional training, Zithromax blogs, because unit training is divided into 2 parts and the instructor endorsement is only valid for the second part. Zithromax photos, However this interpretation is somewhat blurred if one refers to definition 15 of the same article 3 which say that:

‘Unit Training Plan’ means an approved plan detailing the processes and timing required to allow the unit procedures to be applied to the local area under the supervision of an on-the-job-training instructor.

Combining the three above I think that the regulation is either saying that:

The unit training plan is a plan only for the OJT part of unit training - as it needs to be done under the supervision of the OJTI and according to definition 9 only OJT needs to be done under the supervision of an OJTI

or

That all unit training needs to be done under the supervision of an OJTI, meaning that definition 9 is incomplete as the endorsement should also be valid for transitional training as defined in definition 12b, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription.

This unfortunately raises a big space for interpretation between different regulators across Europe, making things unequal depending on which state you are in, discount Zithromax. My opinion on the subject is that you do not need to be an active OJTI to give transitional training, Zithromax alternatives, i.e. you do not need at that given point in time to hold a valid unit endorsement on the unit you are instructing. However, australia, uk, us, usa, a minimum level of qualification on the unit endorsement that will be instructed is necessary; for example 'having held a valid unit endorsement in the 3 years preceding the provision of training' or 'has showed through previous training, Zithromax street price, up to date knowledge of the unit which will be instructed... Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, 2. Who can issue new rating endorsements

A second unclear area still remaining is the process to be followed to issue new rating endorsements and which certified training provider (initial or unit or both) who would be responsible for the training towards this.  Article 8 states that holders of a student ATC licence shall be authorised to provide ATC services in accordance with the rating and rating endorsements contained in the licence. This implies that an initial ATC training provider has to give training towards at least one rating endorsement, Zithromax mg. But what about the case of a student ATCO or a qualified ATCO who wishes to obtain another rating endorsement; which entity would be capacitated to train him. Purchase Zithromax online no prescription, 3. Could one end up with 2 licences simultaneously: an ATCO and a student ATCO at a given point in time, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription.

To follow on the above, the regulation does not cater, what is Zithromax, in my opinion, Is Zithromax safe, for conversion training, that is training for a qualified controller to qualify in another rating, for example a tower controller converting in approach or area control, order Zithromax online c.o.d. The regulation does not cater of how a new rating is issued and the only path described in this regulation to get another rating is to follow initial training (it is neither clear that part of the initial training could be validated as being covered in the original initial training the ATCO received). Zithromax samples, If we follow this line of thought, then there is no procedure described of how the new rating will be inscribed on a licence. Since no procedure for conversion training exists in the regulation and since the only way described to issue a new rating is via initial training, comprar en línea Zithromax, comprar Zithromax baratos, then I deduce that a qualified ATCO who obtains a new rating needs to be issued with a new Student Licence.  Note that this is not clear, Purchase Zithromax, and I am only arriving to this through deduction and that therefore I presume that this would be open to different interpretation in different countries. Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, If my scenario is correct, then a current controller will see herself issued with a student ATC licence whilst already holding a valid ATC licence. If this is the case, then, Zithromax overnight, one person could end up holding more than one ATC licence (example in the case of exchanging the newly student licence received in a second EU country, Buy no prescription Zithromax online, going through unit training and receiving an ATC licence, whilst retaining the original ATC licence with the first rating the controller had obtained before).

I do not wish to say that the above will take place easily, Zithromax description, but that the procedure is unclear and leaves a blank when it comes to the procedure of adding ratings to a controller's licence. Zithromax from mexico, 4. Language endorsement

The first paragraph of article 13 states:

Air traffic controllers and student air traffic controllers shall not exercise the privileges of their licence unless they have an English language endorsement.

Does this mean that a student ATC licence could be issued without the person having a minimum English proficiency of level 4 but that the person cannot work (exercise the privilege of) on her licence, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Or does it mean that before the licence is issued the candidate needs to have a minimum level 4 in English, Zithromax no prescription.

Article 8 paragraph 3 states

The student air traffic controller licence shall contain the language endorsement(s) and at least one rating and if applicable, Buy Zithromax from canada, one rating endorsement.

So from the two above I interpret that a student shall have at least one language endorsement which does not need to be English to be issued with a student ATC licence but that to do OJT (to exercise the privileges) the student needs the English language endorsement.

Again subject to interpretation and potential  difference in application in different Member States, Zithromax canada, mexico, india. Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, 5. Instructor endorsement

Article 14 part 2b says that:

Applicants for the issue of an instructor endorsement shall:
(b) have exercised the privileges of an air traffic controller licence for an immediately preceding period of at least one year, Online buy Zithromax without a prescription, or such longer duration as is fixed by the competent authority having regard to the ratings and endorsements for which instruction is given

I have two problems understanding this:

1: What does a: "an immediately preceding period of at least one year" mean. Does it mean that the licence or rating or endorsement was valid during the 12 months preceding the issuing of the OJTI endorsement. or is there a minimum period in the year preceding (e.g, order Zithromax from mexican pharmacy. 3 months work minimum or a minimum number of hours accomplished within the year) or does it have to be a full year.

I say that this is yet another area which will be subject to interpretation and therefore differently applied in different states, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Zithromax dangers, 2: What does it mean: "or such longer duration as is fixed by the competent authority having regard to the ratings and endorsements for which instruction is given". does this mean that the longer duration depends on the rating and endorsement. And what endorsements are we talking about, Zithromax duration. Rating. Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, Unit. Buy Zithromax without a prescription, Both.

Does this mean that controller A working in Tower 1 with an average of 10 movements a day and who has worked for a minimum amount of hours on the unit endorsement in the TWR enough to keep it valid during the preceding 12 months, then do unit training in TWR 2, Zithromax price, which is a country's major airport and international hub, Fast shipping Zithromax, and on the same day she checks out on one sector she can on the same day start instructing others on the job. Does this regulation not recommend a minimum period of time or working hours in the unit for which training is to be provided before the instructor endorsement can be used at to give training at this particular unit.
This area is the least clear in the regulation, Zithromax schedule.

To continue with the instructor endorsement, part 3 of article 11 says that the instructor endorsement shall be valid for a renewable period of three years, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. But it does not say what the criteria for renewal should be. Buy cheap Zithromax no rx, If there are no criteria (such as refresher training for example or an assessment of performance as OJTI) then why would renewal of such an endorsement be necessary.

6. Mistake, Zithromax trusted pharmacy reviews.

There is a mistake which creep ed in in the regulatory text (at least the English version) of the official journal publication - Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, 11.8.2001. official journal of the EU 206/31): Part 2 of Article 27 talks of a Chapter IV. Zithromax price, coupon, Chapter IV does not exist in the regulation. I assume that the regulation should refer to Annex 2.
It is quite a serious mistake, real brand Zithromax online, I find, Zithromax recreational, that an official and binding regulation, refers to something that does not exist.

7, Buy Zithromax Without Prescription. Mutual recognition of licences.

ATC licences, student licences, associated ratings and language endorsements are mutually recognised. Instructor endorsement is not. Why. Is this because one would need a unit endorsement on which to exercise the privileges Buy Zithromax Without Prescription, of the OJTI endorsement. and if yes, once the condition is met, could not the other parts of article 14 (i.e. to have completed an approved instructors'  training) be mutually recognised.

In conclusion:

A new regulation which is directly applicable in all EU member states has entered into force last September 2011. This is another step towards harmonisation of the ATC licencing, training and certification process and an improvement over the previous directive where each member state had the 'freedom' of transposing the rules in a different manner.l

The new text (except of the fact of being regulation of course) does not bring a revolution in the system, even though a number of improvements have been introduced such as the mutual recognition of student licences and the need of English language endorsement. It also brings in many areas clearer structure in the articles.

It unfortunately also leaves a number of areas unclear and which will still give rise to different interpretations across the EU, such as the case of the instructor endorsement, who can instruct during the transitional sub-phase of unit training, and other items as have been mentioned in this post.

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