Big Data and Air Traffic Management

According to webopedia (webopedia.com) Big Data is a buzzword, or catch-phrase, used to describe a massive volume of both structured and unstructured data that is so large that it's difficult to process using traditional database and software techniques.

[caption id="" align="aligncenter" width="571"] courtesy of colocarionamerica.com[/caption]

In fact I am using it exactly as that: As a buzzword in my title to try to catch your attention.

Today I have attended a very interesting workshop about Data Science in aviation organized by Innaxis (innaxis.org). But what is data science? Ï have checked a few definitions, and the one I like best is the one given by searchcio.techtarget.com which says that: "Data science is the study of where information comes from, what it represents and how it can be turned into a valuable resource…"

So, what about data science and air traffic management?

Well, if we think about it, increased awareness of data science (and the use of buzzwords like ‘big data’) in the last few years is one of the next (or present) natural evolutions of the greater digital revolution: first we accelerate the generation of data, and commodatise its storage and processing power, and next we think of generating value from all this data.

But indeed it makes sense. To take other industries as a benchmark, companies are aware nowadays not only that the data they have collected and are collaterally collecting can have value to generate new business and to render current operations more efficient, but they now have started to pro-actively look for ways of capturing even more data so as to accelerate further this value creation - Thinking about how companies like google, facebook, credit card and telecommunication companies, just to mention a few, are gathering our data on purpose (and for free) to generate further revenue for themselves is scary and somewhat perverse... However, it is reality and the aim of this workshop was to see how all the data that we are gathering in aviation (accidentally or purposefully (structured or unstructured, if I understand the jargon well)) can be used to generate more value for us.

As one of the presenters put it, the value could be one of three types:

  1. to generate new income,
  2. to help in decision making and to render the system more efficient, and
  3. to reduce risk, thus making it more safe.

And the three objectives are applicable for aviation: In ATM, we are generally looking at making the system safer and more efficient. Other segments of aviation are looking for new income.

During the workshop we listened to 4 different operationally-concerned presenters (2 from the airline world, another from an aircraft manufacturer and one from ATM) explain that they are collecting a lot of data and that some of it is being used to create value, for example to create capacity, to compute the best flying profiles or to improve the airline safety records. Yet, I felt that the underlying thread was one which said: we have a lot of data which we are under using: Data Scientists, please come help us find ways of how we can generate more benefit from this data. (and here we are back to the big data definition above…)

The workshop continued then with a series of other presentations, this time from professionals in the field of data science whose objectives was to educate us and to give us more background information and to inspire us.

I am sure that the day was fruitful for many, as the idea of gathering aviation operations and data scientists in a room will give many of us ideas for the future.

As for me, apart from thanking once more Innaxis for making this workshop a reality, I come home convinced that data science is a necessity in ATM, if we want to move ahead, if we want to better understand our complex ATM system and if we want to be wise about tomorrow’s decisions on how to enhance safety and efficiency in our industry.

It also gave me an appetite for those mathematical formulas I left 19 years ago; but that is already another story…

...(by the way, can anyone predict the next evolution within the digital revolution? Working on this from now will be worth a rich gold mine...Anyone? Data scientist? Let me know ;)

Aricept For Sale

The future of ATC seems that will be governed by:


  • More flexibility

  • Less tactical interventions

  • Equivalent complexity


I explain:

More flexibility:

Airspace blocks should be built around functional requirements [i.e traffic flows] and not around state boundaries Aricept For Sale, At a lower level, sectors need to be designed to best accommodate the main traffic flows.  Modern systems will be able to allow for dynamic re-sectorisations once these traffic flows change.

Air routes as we know them are a dying breed, and the future flights will fly through a contracted trajectory which will be an agreement between those who want to fly and those providing ATC service on the best compromise between a direct flight and airspace constraints. Instead of flying through routes, aircraft will fly through 'air gates' which will be opened and closed depending on need and on constraints [e.g. military activity]

This means that the sector in which a controller works can change size and shape several times a day.  Gates can be closed and re-opened at different occasions.  Changing traffic flows within a given piece of airspace will mean changes in conflict areas and scanning routines.

The controller's job will become a more flexible endeavour.

Less tactical interventions:

Currently, Aricept australia, uk, us, usa, Where to buy Aricept, one of the biggest funnels in ATM capacity [even though it is way behind the big number 1: airport handling capacity] is the amount of tactical interventions an executive controller can safely handle at one given moment.

With greater automation and improved flight prediction systems, the idea is to push the majority of today’s interventions by a number of minutes.  MTCD and other future looking systems will enable planners, Aricept from canada, Aricept street price, at multi sector level to resolve conflicts at a very early stage.  The turn left 10 degrees by the area executive controller or the descent to FLXXX due to crossing traffic clearance should be come rarer. The majority of these interventions, in the future ATM system, buy Aricept no prescription, Buy Aricept from mexico, would have been identified and acted upon at an earlier stage.  The result is two fold: The interventions on flights will be less abrupt [the earlier the intervention the lower the change necessary to solve a problem] and the interventions which will be left to the executive controller will be less on a similar traffic sample to that of today.  The idea is that then the sector capacity will be increased...

This brings us to the third point:

Equivalent complexity [from a controller's view point]:

A new breed of automated systems, both airborne and ground based, what is Aricept, Where can i buy Aricept online, will be able to take over some of today's controller's responsibilities.  Taking today's traffic samples, the automated systems of tomorrow would render the situation less complex.

However the situation of tomorrow will not be that of today.  The traffic is predicted to continue to increase at a steady rate [and has anyone yet seriously thought of the possible implications VLJs might have on the ATM system?] and the industry is making tremendous efforts to improve its services in terms of efficiency to the airspace user - this the flexibility demand that I described under the first point.

The conclusion on complexity is that today, rx free Aricept, Discount Aricept, in many busy European airspaces we have reached the complexity limits that a human can safely handle.  The new generation of systems will only allow us to handle more aircraft more flexibly at the same level of complexity [for the controller - the technological complexity, will of course continue to increase].  For the controller, purchase Aricept online, Buy generic Aricept, the system cannot become more complex but will never get less complex neither.

So what about the future breed of controllers?

The future breed of controllers will be of flesh and blood and will still be highly needed.  However, the nature of their work will undergo considerable changes.

Because of the frequent changes in airspace configuration, Aricept class, Real brand Aricept online, the key will probably not be to learn the patterns [e.g. conflict areas, Aricept trusted pharmacy reviews, Aricept from mexico, levels, etc] but more learn to identify the patterns which would lead to conflicts.

The rate of change of things will make it that the successful controller will not be the one who has learnt well to do his job, Aricept no prescription, Low dose Aricept, but the one who has learnt to keep learning well every time [and it will be often] changes happen.

The controller's work will be less linear, e.g, australia, uk, us, usa. Aricept photos, clearance readback, clearance readback etc, comprar en línea Aricept, comprar Aricept baratos, Buy Aricept from canada, but will be more based on multi tasking, e.g, Aricept natural. Aricept pharmacy, sending a number of clearances and then monitoring their execution in parallel.

Controllers' will probably have less tactical manoeuvres to clear than today - or maybe the equivalent of today's but with double the traffic, but they will have a lot of more work to do at a pre-tactical level, effects of Aricept, Online buying Aricept hcl, that is identifying potential problems on a 20 minute horizon and solving them, while taking into account an array of items which could take place in those 20 minutes.

Finally, Aricept overnight, Buy Aricept online no prescription, with improved information management, and with the increase in collaborative decision making, Aricept brand name, Buy no prescription Aricept online, controllers will have to learn to include others while taking decisions. Needless to say that they will be given the right tools and the right training to enable them to do so.

Having said this on an ATM training blog, herbal Aricept, Aricept online cod, what will be the implications of these changes on future recruitment and training of controllers?

And with the increased dependence and complexity of ATM systems what are the implications on ATSEPs, their responsibilities, Aricept for sale, Purchase Aricept online no prescription, their recruitment and training?

What do you think?  Send me some comments... . Aricept maximum dosage. Order Aricept no prescription. Aricept price, coupon. Aricept without a prescription. Aricept long term. Doses Aricept work.

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